Basic Terminology

 Anza     Relaxed Sitting   
Arigato Gozaimasu     Thank You (polite)  

Budo     Martial Way
Bunkai     Application (analysis)        
    
Dan     Grade (Black Belt)
Dogi (Gi)     Karate Uniform (Way clothes)   
Dojo     Training Hall (Way place)     
Dojo Kun     Training Hall Oath  
   
Gashuku    Training Camp
Geri     Kick        
Goshin Jutsu     Self-Defense Techniques     

Hajime     Begin   
Hantai     Reverse, Opposite     
Hikite     Pulling Hand

Ibuki     Forced Tension Breathing     
Idogeiko     Practicing Kihon in Moving   

Jisen Kumite     Full-Contact Fighting  
Jiyu Kumite     Free Fighting  

Kata     Form    
Kaiten     Rotation     
Kamaete     Take Ready Position        
Karate     Empty Hand     
Kenka     Brawl     
Ki     Inner Energy     

    

Kiai     Explosive Scream    
Kiai Irete     With Explosive Energy    
Kihon     Basics    
Kihon Waza     Basic Techniques    
Kime     Focus    
Kohai     Junior Student
Kokusai     International
Kosa  Switch (i.e. switch stance L to R or R to L)    
Kotai     Switch (i.e. partners switch places in a drill)
Kumite     Fight    
Kyokushin     Ultimate Truth    
Kyu     Rank (below Black Belt)   

Maai     Interval (between opponents)    
Makiwara     Striking Post (straw wrapped)    
Mawatte     Turn    
Mokuso     Meditation (silent thought)    
Mugorei     No Counting (no commands)
      
Naore     Return to Starting Position    
Nogare     Calm, Controlled Breathing 
  
Obi     Belt (sash)    
Okuriashi     Shuffle Step (sending foot)    
Onegaishimasu     Please (polite)
Osu     Respect,Hi,I understand...      
Otagai     Each Other


Rei     (...ni Rei)     Bow (Bow to...)    
Renmei     Federation 
 
Seishin     Spirit   
Seiza     Formal Kneeling (correct sitting)
Sempai     Senior (1st & 2nd Dan)    
Sensei     Teacher (3rd & 4th Dan) 
Shihan     Expert (5th Dan & higher)
Shinsa    Belt test  
Shomen     Front (correct face) of
Sosai     President 

Taikai      Tournament 
Tameshiwari     Breaking Test    
Tanden     Center of Body (below navel)
Tsuki     Punch (thrust)

Uke     Block    

Waza     Technique(s)

Yakusoku Kumite     Pre-Arranged Fighting
Yame     Stop        
Yasume     Rest, at Ease
Yoi     Ready       
Yudansha     Black Belt Holder 

Zanshin     Remain Alert (remaining mind)


Targets & Directions

 Age     Rising     
Ago     Chin or Jaw     
Atama     Head     
Chudan     Middle Level     
Ganmen     Face     
Gedan     Lower Level     
Hana     Nose     
Hara     Abdomen     
Hidari     Left     
Hizo     Spleen     
Jodan     Upper Level     
Johanshin     Upper Body     
Kahanshin     Lower Body     
Kake     Hooked     
Kansetsu     Joint (of limb)     

Kata     Shoulder     
Kintama (Kin)     Groin, Testicles 
Komekami     Temple     
Kubi     Neck     
Kuchi     Mouth     
Mae     Front, Forward     
Mawashi     Round, Circular     
Me     Eye(s)     
Migi     Right     
Mimi     Ear(s)     
Mizo-ochi     Solar Plexus     
Momo     Thigh     
Mune     Chest     
Naname     Diagonal     

Nodo     Throat     
Oroshi     Descending     
Rokkotsu     Rib(s)     
Sakotsu     Collarbone     
Sayu     Left and Right     
Soto     Outside     
Tobi     Jumping     
Uchi     Inside     
Ude     Arm     
Ura     Reverse, Backwards     
Ushiro     Back (direction)     
Yoko     Side (direction)     

Numbers
Ichi     One
Ni     Two
San     Three
Shi, Yon     Four
Go     Five
Roku     Six
Shichi, Nana     Seven
Hachi     Eight
Ku     Nine
Ju     Ten


Juichi        Eleven
Juni           Twelve
Jusan        Thirteen
Juyon        Fourteen
Jugo         Fifteen
Juroku      Sixteen
Junana      Seventeen
Juhachi     Eighteen
Juku          Nineteen
Niju           Twenty
Ju              Ten
Niju            Twenty
Sanju         Thirty
Yonju          Fourty
Goju            Fifty
Rokuju        Sixty
Nanaju        Seventy
Hachiju       Eighty
Kuju            Ninety
Hyaku         One hundred
Nihyaku      Two hundred....

Sen             One Thousand

Tournament Terminoloy

Aka     Red    
Awasete Ippon     Adds Up to One Point    
Chui     Warning    
Enchosen     Final Overtime Round    
Fukushin     Corner Judge (assistant referee)    
Fukushin Shugo     Referees' Conference    
Genten     Penalty    
Hantei     Decision    
Hikiwake     Draw, Tie    
Ippon     One Point    
Kachi (...no Kachi)     Win (...the Winner)    
Kiken     Forfeit    
Saishiai     Overtime Round    
Senshuken Taikai     Championship Tournament    
Shikaku     Disqualification    
Shiro     White    
Shushin     Referee    
Waza Ari     Half Point (has a technique)    
Zokko     Resume Fighting    

Body parts for attacking

 Seiken (fore-fist)         First fully extend all the fingers. Then, leaving the thumb extended, fold the four remaining fingers at the first and second joints. Bend the fingers until the tips of the fingers touch the third joints. Then roll the fingers inward, like you are rolling a piece of paper until it is tightly pressed into the palm. Now, fold the thumb Firmly over the fingers pressing it against the index and middle fingers. We call this fist "seiken". The part of the fist which hits the target is the knuckles of the index and middle finger. This area is called the "daikento".    

 

 

 

 
 Uraken ( top part os seiken or back of seiken) is used for striking face and body  
 Shuto (knife hand)         Fully extend the four fingers pressing them tightly together. Fold the thumb against the palm. Use the side of the hand beneath the little finger. However, do not use the area closest to the bottom of the little finger. Instead, use the thicker part of the hand close to the wrist. The shuto is used to attack the opponent's face, head, temple, side, arms, legs and joints.      

 Haito (ridge hand)         Extend the four fingers, bend the first joint of the thumb and press it against the side of the palm. Use the base of the index finger for striking. Haito is mainly used to attack the opponent's temple, chin, back of the head, throat, face area and the side of the abdomen.     

 
 Hishu (back of hand)  This part is used for striking the face
 

 Shotei (palm heel)         Bend the thumb firmly pressing it against the palm. Bend the four fingers slightly. Keep the hand open. Attack with the part of the palm which is closest to the wrist. The shotei is very effective when used to attack the opponents face, abdomen, side, and the side of the abdomen. The shotei can also be used effectively to block an attack.    

 

 
 Nukite (finger thrust)         In nukite, form a fairly level surface with the tips of the first three fingers, with a slight bend in the middle finger. The fingers are kept straight. Nukite is used to attack the solar plexus. the point between the eyes, and the armpit.      
 Ippon Nukite (One finger striking)   First finger is used to striking eyes and throat
 
 Nihon Nukite (two fingers striking)  First two fingers are used for striking eyes or body
 
 Tettsui (fist-hammer)         The bottom of the fist is used to strike. Tettsui is used to hit the head, face, chest, abdomen, side of the abdomen or leg.    
 
 Koken (bent wrist)         Bend the hand downward to its maximum extent and touch the thumb to the middle of the fourth finger. Use the bent wrist area to attack the opponent's face area, chest, side of the abdomen and lower part of the abdomen. Koken can be used for effective blocking.         
 Hiji uchi/empi (elbow strike)         The tip of the elbow and the surrounding arm area are used for hiji uchi. Hiji uchi is one of the most effective arm attacks. It is used to attack the face, solar plexus or the side of the abdomen. Hiji uchi is most effective when the opponent is standing very close.     


         
 Chusoku (ball of the foot)         By curling the toes upward and using the ball of the feet, it is possible to deliver kicks to the opponent's face area, lower part of the chin, chest, abdomen and the side of the abdomen.    
 
 Kakato (heel)         The bottom of the heel area (kakato), is used for attacks to the face, solar plexus, abdomen and the side of the abdomen.
 
 Sokuto (outer edge of foot)         The edge of the outer side of the foot (sokuto) is used to attack the face, lower part of the chin, throat, chest, side of the abdomen, knee, and legs.    
 
 Hisoku (instep)         The ankle and toes are stretched downward, and the top of the foot from the toes to the ankle is used. The sokko is used to attack the opponent's face, the back of the head, abdomen, side of the abdomen, groin and thigh.    
 
 Sokutai (inside edge of foot)   this part is used for Ashibarai (swiping opponents legs)also is used for sotomavashi kick. Sokutai is used for blocking too.  
 Teisoku ( Bottom of foot) this part is used for striking face and body  
 Hiza (Nee)  This part is used for attacks to the face, groin and body   

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